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Exploring the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone: Day 1

This is the first post of a three part series covering our visit to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone in Ukraine. This post will explain why Roma and I decided to visit Chernobyl in the first place and what Day One of our two day tour included.

If a visit to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone is on your Bucket List and you’re planning a visit soon, then this post is for you. Enjoy

Are you insane, why are you going?

This was the most frequently asked question when we told friends and family that our trip to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. And you know what? I absolutely understood where they were coming from. The idea of spending a couple of days traipsing through abandoned buildings and visiting areas not far from known radioactive hotspots isn’t considered most people’s idea of “fun”.

outer missile silo shell
The exterior of the secret nuclear missile silo in Lithuania

But then again, Roma and I have always been a little offbeat when it comes to our travel plans – we’ve explored hidden nuclear bunkers in England, driven down a bumpy dirt track in a Lithuanian forest to explore a secret nuclear missile silo, are you starting starting to see a theme here….

As a pair of Aussie travellers, we’ve been fascinated by the complicated history of Europe, and the Chernobyl nuclear disaster was one of the most important events in global modern history which has helped shape today’s understanding of the dangers of nuclear power.

For us, the question was never would we visit, it was when.

Why Go Now?

Typically we have two big trips a year which are based around our birthdays in April and November. This is great for two reasons. One, who doesn’t love planning a birthday break? And two, both birthdays are in the shoulder (off-peak) seasons which means that everything is a little more affordable as well as being less crowded.

We wanted to visit the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone in 2016; the 30th anniversary of the disaster and the installation of the New Safe Confinement, also known as the new sarcophagus.

Following the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986, a temporary confinement structure (sarcophagus) was placed over Reactor No 4, preventing the leakage of the highly radioactive material into the environment. There was one condition, this was only a temporary solution and had a lifespan of just 30 years before it would need to be replaced.

Time’s up!

This is where the New Safe Confinement structure comes in. The installation of the new sarcophagus over the remains of Reactor No 4 was scheduled to take place during November 2016. How could we not visit?

Booking a Tour – Chernobyl

The first thing that you need to know if you’re planning a visit to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone is that you need to visit with a tour group. The government run exclusion zone screens visitors before they enter the Exclusion Zone, so there are no solo or independent visitors allowed.

Passports and permits are required to access the restricted space and after spending two days there, it obvious why a guide is needed.

Chernobyl barbed wire
The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone can only be visited by a guided tour

We booked a tour with Chernobyl, one of several authorised companies running tours into the 30 km Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. We opted for a 2-day tour which included a full 2 days of exploration, accommodation & meals at the only hotel location WITHIN the Exclusion Zone, transport from Kiev, and a professional English speaking tour guide for the entire trip.

Ready to start our adventure through the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone? Great, let’s go.

Day 1

Meeting the Tour Group

We met the tour group just outside the Kyiv Central Railway Station (closest metro stop is Vokzalna on the red line) in the early morning. A grand total of 25 people booked in for the tour, a big contingent of Dutch tourists and of course, a fellow Aussie. Our hearts sank a little when we saw a large group of 25 people but fortunately we were split into two smaller groups – Group A, Group B. Success!

People standing around
Getting to know our Chernobyl tour group

Our smaller group of 12 boarded our zebra-striped mini van, took our seats, and pulled out or phones to connect to the free in-van WiFi. Our guide, Helen, introduced herself and handed out a Chernobyl newsletter. The headline gave us a chuckle and set the tone for the rest of the trip.

We were on the road for about 90 min before we stopped for a comfort break and the opportunity to pick up food supplies. Once we were back on the road and with the help of a short DVD, Helen began addressing the question that was on the forefront of our minds; what possible radiation levels could we be exposed to during our visit?

How Are Radiation Levels Measured?

We were provided Geiger counters and advised to use them during the tour, not because we would be venturing anywhere that could be considered dangerous but rather because it allowed us the opportunity to see the actual radiation levels for ourselves.

Chernobyl Geiger Counter
Chernobyl provided geiger counters to us to monitor radiation levels

A quick lesson in nuclear chemistry

Radiation levels are measured in units called sieverts (Sv) per hour of exposure, previously measured in rem. 1 sievert = 100 rem. The measurement is based on duration of exposure, distance, and the strength of radiation  A Geiger counter measures radiation levels in microsieverts (uSv) which is 1 sievert divided by 1,000,000.


What does this mean?

To make all this a little easier to understand, let’s look at the type of radiation we are exposed to on a daily basis; (microsieverts are written as uSv)

 – 10 uSv – radiation levels an average person is exposed to daily
 – 23 uSv – radiation levels during a flight from Kyiv to Toronto
 – 2.2 uSv – radiation levels during a Chernobyl tour

Wow, well how about that….

Next up on the tour was a really informative video about the Chernobyl nuclear disaster but we will cover the history of the accident in more detail later in this series.

First check point. 30km Exclusion Zone.

We arrived at the first checkpoint at the 30km Exclusion Zone with several other tour groups. We disembarked and read some of the information boards whilst the tour guides met with the checkpoint guards. We were advised that we couldn’t take photos of the guards and there was no way I was going to try and sneak a photo…

Briefing at information board
Briefing at the 30km Chernobyl Exclusion Zone checkpoint

From here it was 30 mins to Chernobyl town before heading to the hotel for lunch. The plan was to visit the abandoned town of Pripyat on day 2 but more information would follow in the evening.

An orderly queue formed before we could get back into the van. We had to show our passports to the stern-faced guard who cross referenced our names against those on his clipboard. Once we were back on the road, we had to sign a disclaimer covering what we would be allowed to do whilst in the zone. All common sense really – don’t go anywhere unless the guide tells you it’s ok to go, don’t touch anything, don’t bring anything back with you, no drugs, no alcohol etc

First Stop – Small Town

Our first stop was a small town on the southern side of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

Abandoned building Chernobyl

Cameras in hand, we followed Helen through shrubbery along a dirt path until we arrived at various buildings and a large town hall. The group walked into the buildings and take photos but advised to watch our step. This was to become a common warning during the tour because some of the buildings were in a pretty dilapidated state. A notion that quickly became reality when Roma’s leg went through a crumbling floorboard.

Abandoned Building Chernobyl

The decaying state of the town wasn’t a result of the explosion from the nuclear power plant but rather from the years of neglect and looting which took place in the years following the disaster.  I felt a sense of sadness walking through the buildings as thoughts of the daily life that once existed in these rooms conjured in my mind.

Second stop – Welcome to Chernobyl

Our second stop was the Welcome to Chernobyl sign which greeted visitors to The Atomic City. The town was the pride of the former Soviet Union, a demonstration of the strength of the nuclear capability.

Welcome to Chernobyl Sign

Notice the silver covered pipe running next to the sign? These are the modern town’s heating pipes which need to run above ground because it’s forbidden to dig into the contaminated soil. Despite being an abandoned town, the heating pipes are still needed today because the town is occupied by workers who have been deployed to work on the new sarcophagus.

Third stop – Pripyat Hotel

We headed to our hotel to check in and have some lunch before heading back out to do some more exploring. The idea of being indoors for a little while agreed with all of us because we were starting to feel the cold…despite being in thermals!

Pripyat Hotel, Chernobyl
Pripyat Hotel, Chernobyl

Our hotel could be best described as functional. 1970’s Soviet-era hotel that was renovated in 2014.  Ultimately the rooms were clean, the bed was comfortable, and the meals were hot. Don’t expect anything more than the bare basics but appreciate the experience you’re having – you’re staying within the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone!

Fourth stop – Duga Radar Station

Our next stop was the Duga radar station, a Over-The-Horizon (OTH) radar system which was part of the former Soviet Union’s early warning system.

The Duga Radar Station, Chernobyl
The Duga Radar Station, Chernobyl

The road leading to radar station is 7km long and constructed out of large concrete slabs and it took considerable time to drive slowly across the slabs.

We arrived at an abandoned building and then proceeded to the actual radar system by foot. And the moment we first saw the gargantuan radar station we were actually a little speechless…it’s massive.

We spent some time walking around the radar station taking photos, trying to find the best angles, and just trying to comprehend its sheer scale. It’s incredible to think that Duga was in operation from 1976 to 1989, which meant that it continue to operate following the nuclear disaster!

Duga Radar Station
Beneath the Duga radar station

Despite its size, its existence was a closely guarded secret and Duga only became public knowledge following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

As we reached the end of the radar station we came across another abandoned building, this was the former radar employee training centre. We were given some time to explore the empty rooms and corridors by ourselves and, of course, take photos.

The highlight of the visit came when we reached the roof of the training centre and climbed up a questionable rusty ladder to reach a higher ground for better angles. Whilst the ladder may have been questionable, the view certainly wasn’t.

A rooftop view of the Duga Radar Station in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone
A rooftop view of the Duga Radar Station in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone

Fifth Stop – Abandoned Apartment Building & Fire Station

After we finished exploring the radar station we set off on foot to a nearby abandoned apartment building. It was beyond eerie to walk up the stairwell and into the former homes of Chernobyl residents and see the decay for ourselves.

Abandoned apartment building

The final stop before we headed back to the van was the old Fire Station.

The view from the Old Fire Station
The view from the Old Fire Station

Sixth Stop – Worker Recreation Area

Despite our senses feeling overwhelmed by the sights, the history, and the decay, we were ready to press on to our next stop, the worker recreation area.

One of the cabins at the Chernobyl worker's recreation park
One of the cabins at the Chernobyl worker’s recreation park

Helen informed us that Soviet Union was very proud of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and invested heavily in the surrounding towns, such as Pripyat, to make it a dream destination for many workers. There was even a dedicated recreation park that was designed exclusively for the workers of the power plant and that was where we were headed next.

Swing set at the Chernobyl recreation park

Upon arrival we were all immediately struck by the atmosphere of the abandoned recreation park, it looked like something out of a horror film. Dozens of dilapidated old cottages with shattered windows stood in stark contrast to the cheerful children’s cartoons painted on the wooden panels.  

It was at this point in our visit that the sun began to set and we headed back to the van, and to be honest, I had no desire to be exploring the creepy woods in the dark of night.

Back to the Hotel

Back in the van and on the way back to the hotel the group was very quiet as we let the events of the day wash over us. Some slept, some of us took notes, and some chatted quietly. We had one final stop to make before our hotel and that was a radiation screening.

black and white photo chernobyl building corridor
The journey to the hotel was a time of reflection

We stopped at the border checkpoint and headed into the radiation screening room with a large radiation detector, which looked like an archaic airport security scanner. We lined up and approached the machine, stepped into it, and placed our hands on the side panels and waited to hear the audible click which released the exit barrier.

Phew! No radiation detected here!

Once back in the hotel, we sat together in the common dining room and consumed our typical Eastern european fair of soup and bread, with meat and potatoes. Physically exhausted, mentally exhilarated, it was to be an early night because the next day, we were going to get up early to visit the abandoned city of Pripyat.

Final Thoughts

First day of our visit to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone was everything that we had hoped it would be and even more. It was a surreal experience and one that we will never forget and one that I would recommend to fellow travellers. Stay tuned for my next post on exploring the abandoned city of Pripyat.


Given the opportunity would you visit Chernobyl?

Or are we completely deranged for even wanting to go in the first place?

Traveller. Blogger. Tech Geek. Coffee lover.
I’m an Aussie currently living in London with my travel-loving wife, Roma. From weekend roadtrips, to week-long trips across Europe, we’re just trying to experience as much of the world as possible. Come roam with us!

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